Libro De Forja Artistica Pdf 20: A Review of a Manual on Artistic Forging
Artistic forging is the craft of shaping metal by heating, hammering, bending and twisting it into various forms and designs. It is an ancient technique that has been used for centuries to create decorative and functional objects such as gates, railings, furniture, lamps, sculptures and more.
One of the books that offers a comprehensive guide on artistic forging is Manual de Forja Artistica-3, written by Jose Luis Sola and published by Editorial CEAC in 1984. This book is the third volume of a series that covers the history, theory and practice of artistic forging. It contains 20 chapters that explain the different tools, materials, techniques and styles of artistic forging, as well as numerous examples and illustrations of forged works from various periods and regions.
The book is available in PDF format for free download from Scribd[^1^], a website that allows users to share and read documents online. The PDF file has 128 pages and a size of 17.8 MB. The book is written in Spanish and has a clear and concise language that makes it easy to follow and understand.
Manual de Forja Artistica-3 is a valuable resource for anyone who is interested in learning more about artistic forging or wants to improve their skills and creativity in this craft. It offers a wealth of information and inspiration for both beginners and experts in artistic forging.
However, not all artistic forging is done with the intention of deceiving or profiting from the art market. Some forgers are motivated by a desire to challenge the authorities, to test their skills, or to express their admiration for a certain artist or style. Here are some examples of artistic forging that have fascinated and fooled the public and the experts alike.
8 of the Most Notorious Art Forgeries in History
According to Mental Floss[^1^], these are some of the most famous cases of art forgery in history, involving works that were either attributed to renowned artists or presented as ancient or medieval artifacts.
The Faun: A ceramic sculpture of a faun that was attributed to Paul Gauguin and displayed at the Chicago Art Institute for 10 years, until it was revealed as one of the many forgeries created by Shaun Greenhalgh and his family in their garden shed in England.
Sleeping Eros: A marble statue of a sleeping cupid that was carved by Michelangelo when he was 21 years old and treated to look like an ancient Greek bronze. He sold it to a dealer who passed it off as a genuine antiquity to Cardinal Raffaele Riario, who later discovered the fraud but admired Michelangelo's talent.
The Marienkirche Frescoes: A series of medieval frescoes that were supposedly discovered in 1931 during the restoration of the Marienkirche (St. Mary's Church) in LÃbeck, Germany. They were actually painted by Lothar Malskat, who was hired by the restorer Dietrich Fey to create them based on historical sources. Malskat later confessed his involvement in a trial that exposed the hoax.
The Rospigliosi Cup: A silver-gilt cup that was formerly attributed to Benvenuto Cellini, a 16th-century Italian goldsmith and sculptor. It was acquired by J. Pierpont Morgan in 1910 and donated to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. In 1970, it was revealed that the cup was a 19th-century copy made by Reinhold Vasters, a German goldsmith who also forged other works attributed to Cellini.
Vase de Fleurs: A painting of a vase of flowers that was attributed to Henri Matisse and sold for $46 million at Christie's in 1998. It was later discovered that it was painted by Elmyr de Hory, a Hungarian-born forger who claimed to have created hundreds of works in the style of Matisse, Picasso, Modigliani and others. He was never prosecuted for his crimes and died by suicide in 1976.
Han van Meegerenâs Vermeers: A series of paintings that were attributed to Johannes Vermeer, a 17th-century Dutch master, and sold for millions of dollars to collectors and museums, including Nazi leader Hermann GÃring. They were actually painted by Han van Meegeren, a Dutch artist who resented the critics who dismissed his own work. He used old canvases and pigments and baked his paintings in an oven to make them look old. He confessed his forgeries after being accused of collaborating with the Nazis by selling them Dutch cultural heritage.
Mary Todd Lincoln Portrait: A photograph of Mary Todd Lincoln, the wife of Abraham Lincoln, that was supposedly taken by Mathew Brady, a famous 19th-century photographer. It was actually created by Lloyd Ostendorf, an illustrator and Lincoln enthusiast, who used a photograph of an unknown woman and added Lincoln's head from another image. He sold it to the Lincoln National Life Insurance Company in 1963 for $100. He later admitted his forgery and donated the money to charity.
Shakespeare Flower Portrait: A painting of William Shakespeare that was believed to be an authentic portrait made during his lifetime. It was owned by the Royal Shakespeare Company and displayed at the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust in Stratford-upon-Avon. It was later found out that it was painted in the early 19th century by an unknown artist who used a 17th-century engraving as a model. aa16f39245